Propagation: For the improvement of quality, clonal varieties
can be used which are produced by vegetative propagation. By this
process, a variety can be grown vegetatively without going through
the usual cycle of annual growth.
Planting is a crucial
operation as it basically determines the development and productive
level of tea throughout its economic life. Wrong planting of good
planting materials is doubly unproductive as investment is lost
both on account of producing the plants and in the failure
to put them up for productivity. Therefore, care, planning and refinement
of techniques are essential for long term benefits.
basically helps in maintaining the plant as a low bush in
a phase of continuous vegetative growth. Pruning both stimulates
and controls growth. It removes dead, diseased and overage wood,
and thus helps rejuvenate bushes that have crossed the period of maximum
The nutrients that are
removed from the plant as yield and from the soil by the plant for
its growth, should be replenished.Ideally, nutrient requirements
should be related to local soil conditions in addition to yield
and they must be monitored continuously to ensure an optimum balance
Weeds affect tea by competing
with it for moisture, nutrients and sunlight. The ultimate effect
is a considerable reduction in yield. Thus, the timing of weed emergence
relative to the growth stages of tea is an important parameter in
weed management. Apart from directly causing crop losses, weeds
in tea areas also acts as secondary hosts
for some important pests of tea.
presence of different species of mites and insects, each with their
characteristic mode of feeding, diverse habitat and seasonal
cycles, call for optimal management of the pests which
should be both ecologically and economically sound.